An Undiscovered Jewel in The Valencian Interior.
Xativa is a medieval town in the interior of the province of Valencia, fifty five kilometres southwest of the capital. Both beautiful and interesting, it sits at a geographical and historical crossroads just off the Valencia-Albacete road. Map of area
It is the centre of the La Costera region of Valencia with countless small satellite villages dotted all around. It has always been the crossroads for a number of important roads and two railway lines which means the town has maintained a position of importance in times gone by and even now. Boasting a population of 26,000 people, it nestles under an impressive hilltop castle which boasts some of the best views in the province of Valencia; across a wide valley of orange groves surrounded by mountains. On a clear day you can see the sea!
Besides being at a physical crossroads Xativa has also figured in many crucial moments of history and has some curious historical ties to some important figures in history. From Iberian (Ibero) tribes to French Napoleonic troops almost every type of civilization has visited or settled at this “crossroads”. This is not to mention culture, traditions and local customs which abound!
I thought about telling you about all these historical and cultural facts in detail but I am going keep this simple and I am reverting to the fad of listing things. Here is a list of ten things that Xativa is famous for in Valencia ,whilst further afield not many people know this unique historical jewel.
1) Saiti was its Ibero name, whilst the Romans called it Saetabi and it was an important stopover on the Via Agusta. The Moors called it Medina Xateba and made it an important administrative centre over the hundreds of years they occupied the town, which was duly liberated by Jaime I of Aragon in the 13th century. From then on the town was known as Jativa or Xativa(in Valenciano).
2) The infamous Borgia popes were both from Xativa. Calixtus III and Alexander VI. They used to write their family secret messages in Valenciano to hide information from their Italian enemies.
3) It was the first town to produce paper in Europe in 1056(instigated by the Moors). For hundreds of years Xativa exported paper to Europe. The English were very good customers of the Xativa paper makers and supposedly the word paper in English came from the Valenciano word “paper”.
4) Xativa was a famous and important production centre for silk during Roman, Moorish and Medieval times.
5) The Horse Fair held during the annual Fiestas (La Feria) in August was started by Royal Privilege (conceded by Jaime I ) in 1250, making it the oldest official cattle market in Spain. The local fiestas’ exist precisely because of this(there is still a small horse fair during the fiestas).
6) Hannibal is said to have camped at Xativa Castle with his elephants. Early day Glamping!
7) Felipe V (direct Bourbon ancestor of the current King Juan Carlos) sacked Xativa and set it alight in the early 18th century as punishment after the Battle of Almansa for supporting the wrong side. The town burned for 7 days. To this day Felipe’s portrait hangs upside down in the town’s museum (even though King Juan Carlos has asked for it to be turned the right way up).
8.) Jose Ribera that famous Golden Age painter was from Xativa although he went to Italy to learn his art from the Maestros.
9) Xativa’s train station was bombed on 12th Feb.1939, during the Civil War, by Franco’s planes (normally flying out of Mallorca); a tragedy as there were well over 100 fatalities.
10) Arroz al Horno (Oven rice), Paella, Arnadi, and Montxavena (both sweet arabic pastries/sweets) are some of the many gastronomic delights of the region.
Without doubt Xativa is a unique Valencian town full of history and beautiful architecture thanks to its wealthy past. It is a typical Spanish town with a typical Mediterranean lifestyle.
The Spanish Thyme Traveller organizes unique visits to Xativa and its surrounding area with plenty of local culture,food and great local wine from the Fontanares area. Especially interesting is the Borgias Tour which not only puts you up in independent small hotels but takes you to the best restaurants in the area to sample the local mediterranean delights and great new wines produce in nearby Fontanares,as well as to some great historical sites.
Believe me Xativa and the surrounding area is well worth a visit.